Friday, July 21, 2017

History of Airports

Here is given a timeline history of airports and how they involved in our civilization. It might be useful to do several projects like engineering and management projects.
1920s
April 16, 1925
Mayor Walter A. Sims signs a five-year lease on an abandoned auto racetrack and commits the City to developing it into an airfield. As part of the agreement, this 287 acres of land is renamed Candler Field after its former owner's family, including Coca-Cola magnate Asa Candler. The infield of the old racetrack had been used as a landing site for many years prior to 1925.
September 15, 1926
Florida Airways delivers mail on the Tampa/Jacksonville/Atlanta route to become the first commercial flight into Candler Field.
October 11, 1927
Charles Lindbergh is given a hero's welcome as he visits Atlanta in the Spirit of St. Louis.
May 1, 1928
Airmail provider Pitcairn Aviation (later known as Eastern Airlines) begins regularly scheduled air service.
April 13, 1929
The City pays $94,400 for the land and changes the name of the Airport to Atlanta Municipal Airport.
1930s
June 12 1930
Delta Air Service (later known as Delta Air Lines) begins a trial service from Birmingham, Ala., on June 12 and on June 18 made it an “official” permanent route.

December 10, 1930
Eastern Air Transport, formerly Pitcairn Aviation, inaugurates first continuous passenger service from Atlanta to New York.
July 4, 1934
Delta re-establishes Ft. Worth-Atlanta route securing its place in Atlanta’s aviation history as the Airport's oldest continuous tenant.
March 1939
The Airport opens its first control tower.
1940s 
October, 1940
Atlanta was declared an air base by the U.S. Government. Candler Field would double in size during World War II.
1941
Delta Air Services moved company headquarters from Monroe, Louisiana, to Atlanta.
1942
In July, because of a dispute with the post office, the City reaffirmed the name as Atlanta Municipal Airport because officials could not find the original paperwork. Hartsfield later was quoted as saying that he clearly remembered the City officially changing the name in 1929.
A record 1,700 takeoffs and landings in a single day were set and the Airport was named the nations busiest in terms of flight operation.

May 9, 1948
Airport officials temporarily move operations into a war-surplus hangar as plans were developed to build a larger terminal. More than 1 million people came through Atlanta's Airport during that year.
1950s
1957
Work begins on new terminal to help alleviate congestion. Atlanta was the busiest airport in the country with more than 2 million passengers passing  through. Between noon and 2 p.m. each day, Atlanta became the busiest airport
in the world.
May 3, 1961
Atlanta Municipal Airport is ushered into the "Jet Age" with the opening of the largest single terminal in the country. The new $21 million structure could accommodate 6 million travelers a year. Within its first year, 9.5 million people visited, stretching the new terminal past its capacity.
1964
The Atlanta Region Metropolitan Planning Commission (ARMPC) does the first formal planning studies and proposes the mid-field terminal concept open in 1980.
1970s
February 1971
William B. Hartsfield dies on Feb. 22 and on Feb. 28, what would have been Hartsfield’s 81st birthday, the Airport name is changed to William B. Hartsfield Atlanta Airport.

July 1, 1971
The Airport’s name is again changed, this time to William B. Hartsfield Atlanta International Airport, when Eastern Airlines introduces flights to Mexico and Montego Bay, the Airport’s first international service.
January 1977
Construction begins on the world's largest terminal complex. This $500 million project would be the largest construction project in the South.
June 1, 1978
Sabena Belgian World Airlines becomes Atlanta’s first foreign international carrier when it begins a four-time a week service to Brussels.
1980s
September 21, 1980
William B. Hartsfield Atlanta International Airport opens the world’s largest air passenger terminal complex, covering 2.5 million square feet. The terminal is designed to accommodate up to 55 million passengers a year.
December 1984
A 9,000-foot fourth parallel runway was completed. A separate expansion the following spring gave the Airport an 11,889-foot runway capable of handling the largest commercial airplane in use or in development.
June 18, 1988
MARTA's Airport station opened, linking the Airport to Atlanta's rapid transit system.


1990s
Fall 1992
The Atlanta Perishable and Equine Complex opens.
September 1994
The new 1.3 million square foot International Concourse E opens. It is the largest, single international facility in the nation. Blending state-of-the-art  technology with innovative architectural design, distinctive art and pleasant  amenities, Concourse E is designed to help move international passengers  quickly and smoothly to their next destination.
May 1996
The $250 million Hartsfield Improvement Program (HIP "96) is completed. This ambitious renovation and restructuring effort was designed to make Hartsfield a more user-friendly Airport. One of the more dramatic improvements of this program is the addition of the beautiful, three-story, 250,000 square-feet Atrium.
June 1996
The Department of Aviation begins developing its new Master Plan -- Hartsfield  - 2000 and Beyond.
July 1996
The Centennial Olympic Summer Games come to Georgia.
February 1999
Hartsfield gains the title World’s Busiest Airport in passenger volume after accommodating 73.5 million travelers in 1998.
2000s
March 2000
Hartsfield is recognized as the World’s Busiest Airport in terms of both passenger traffic and landings and takeoffs after accommodating more than 78 million passengers and more than 900,000 landings and takeoffs for 1999.
April 2001
The City of Atlanta celebrates the groundbreaking for the new fifth runway at Hartsfield. This project is a major component of the $6 billion-plus, 10-year capital improvement program. Other projects include a new international terminal and Consolidated Rental Car facility (CONRAC). The fifth runway is the largest public works project in Georgia history.
October 2001
Following the attacks of 9/11, enhanced security measures were adopted at the nation's airports. Members of the Georgia National Guard begin security patrols at Hartsfield to support existing security personnel and Atlanta police officers at Hartsfield.
October 2003
To honor late Atlanta Mayor Maynard H. Jackson, the Atlanta City Council legislated a name change of the Airport. Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport recognizes the visionary leadership that both William B. Hartsfield and Jackson had for the Airport. Hartsfield-Jackson, the world's busiest passenger airport for the fourth consecutive year, stands as a testament to two of the city's greatest leaders.
July 2004
Construction begins on the $215 million TSA Baggage Security Screening Project, which creates specially constructed rooms below the Airport roadways for Explosive Detection Systems currently located in the ticketing lobbies. As part of the project, additional screening facilities were constructed at International Concourse E, Airport roadways were reconfigured and improved terminal curb fronts were installed.
December 2004
A record 83.6 million passengers passed through the Airport, and since 1998, Hartsfield-Jackson has retained its title as the world's busiest passenger airport. Additionally, a record 6 million international passengers travel through Hartsfield-Jackson, marking a 103 percent growth since the city of Atlanta hosted the 1996 Olympic Summer Games
July 2005
Hartsfield-Jackson celebrates its 80th birthday. From its humble beginnings to its present world-class distinction and into its illustrious future, the Airport continues to be a vital link in the world's air transportation system.
May 2006
The fifth runway open. It is hailed as “The Most Important Runway in America.”
January 2007
Hartsfield-Jackson receives several prestigious national honors. It was named Best Large U.S. Airport by American Express’ Executive Traveler magazine. It was named Most Efficient Airport in the World by Air Transport Research Society. General Manager Ben DeCosta was named Best Airport Director by Airport Revenue News magazine.
February 2008
Forbes magazine names Hartsfield-Jackson the No. 1 airport in the nation for WiFi connectivity.
March 2009
 Hartsfield-Jackson Concessions program wins the Atlanta Business Chronicle Best in Real Estate: 2008 Deal of the Year award in the Retail category,
         Hartsfield-Jackson receives Airport Revenue News’ 2009 Best Concessions  Management Team award.
April 2009
  Aviation General Manager Ben DeCosta named “Man of the Year” by Atlanta Tribune.
  Hartsfield-Jackson’s cargo operation receives Air Cargo World’s Award of Excellence.
May 2009
  Hartsfield-Jackson was recognized as Air Cargo Week’s “Airport of the Year.”
  Airport appoints its first chief financial officer, Milton M. Castillo.
June 2009
The Air Transport Research Society recognizes Hartsfield-Jackson with its Award of Excellence for Efficiency.
July 2009
  The Air Transport Research Society recognizes Hartsfield-Jackson with its Award of Excellence for Efficiency.
  Hartsfield-Jackson sets a world record for monthly flight operations (88,408).
September 2009
  The Air Transport Research Society recognizes Hartsfield-Jackson with its Award of  Excellence for Efficiency.
  Hartsfield-Jackson sets a world record for monthly flight operations (88,408).
October 2009
Alaska Airlines begins service at Hartsfield-Jackson.
  Aviation General Manager Ben DeCosta is appointed to the Airports Council International World Governing Board.
November 2009
  Hartsfield-Jackson launches a new recycling program, GreenSortATL.
  The Airport’s new dog park opens.
  Hartsfield-Jackson receives the Airport Safety Mark of Distinction award from the
Federal Aviation Administration Southern Region, Airports Division.
  The Airport’s Concessions unit wins the Airports Council International–North America’s Best Convenience Retail Program award in the large airport category and the 2009 Concessions Person of the Year (director of Concessions).
December 2009
  Hartsfield-Jackson’s new rental car center and ATL SkyTrain open to the public.

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